Bowel cancer deaths drop by a third in 20 years

  • Credit: Cancer Research UK 2017
    The rate of people dying from bowel cancer in the UK has plummeted by more than 30 per cent in the last 20 years, according to new figures released today by Cancer Research UK.
  • Professor Matt Seymour, Cancer Research UK’s bowel cancer expert based at the University of Leeds, said: “Early diagnosis is critical for bowel cancer survival.
  • While deaths from the disease continue to decline bowel cancer is still the second most common cause of cancer death in the UK accounting for 10 per cent of all cancer deaths.
  • Dr Julie Sharp, head of health information at Cancer Research UK said: “The increasing number of people surviving bowel cancer today shows how vital research has improved the treatment of the disease over the years.
  • This positive trend is set to continue as new and improved bowel screening is rolled out nationwide, which can detect the early signs of cancer before symptoms develop.

The rate of people dying from bowel cancer in the UK has plummeted by more than 30 per cent in the last 20 years, according to new figures released today by Cancer Research UK.
Continue reading “Bowel cancer deaths drop by a third in 20 years”

How Exercise Could Help You Learn a New Language

How Exercise Could Help You Learn a New Language

  • So for the new study, which was published recently in PLOS One, researchers in China and Italy decided to home in on language learning and the adult brain.
  • Specifically, the students would ride exercise bikes at a gentle pace (about 60 percent of their maximum aerobic capacity) beginning 20 minutes before the start of the lessons and continuing throughout the 15 minutes or so of instruction.
  • When the researchers asked the students to return to the lab for a final round of testing a month after the lessons — without practicing in the meantime — the cyclists remembered words and understood them in sentences more accurately than did the students who had not moved.
  • This study involved college students performing relatively light exercise, though, and cannot tell us whether other people completing other types of exercise would achieve the same results.
  • But many past studies have shown that exercise prompts the release of multiple neurochemicals in the brain that increase the number of new brain cells and the connections between neurons, Dr. Sulpizio says.

Working out during a language class amplifies an adult’s ability to memorize, retain and understand new vocabulary.
Continue reading “How Exercise Could Help You Learn a New Language”

Indian rape victim, 10, gives birth by Caesarean section

  • Image copyright
    AFP

    Image caption

    India has a grim record of sexual assaults on children, with more than 10,000 raped in 2015

    A 10-year-old rape victim who was denied permission for an abortion by the Indian Supreme Court last month has given birth to a baby girl.

  • Both the mother and the newborn are doing fine, an official told the BBC.The girl alleges she was raped several times in the past seven months by her uncle, who has been arrested.Her pregnancy was discovered in mid-July when she complained of stomach ache and her parents took her to hospital.A local court in Chandigarh turned down the abortion plea on the grounds that she was too far into her pregnancy after a doctors’ panel said that termination of the pregnancy would be “too risky”.
  • Later, the Supreme Court also refused to allow an abortion for her on similar grounds.Baby ‘to be put up for adoption’As the baby was born prematurely at 35 weeks, she has been placed in the neo-natal intensive care unit of the hospital where she will remain for the next few days, the BBC’s Geeta Pandey reports from Delhi.The parents of the 10-year-old girl, who said from the beginning that they did not want to have anything to do with the baby, did not even look at the newborn, our correspondent adds.The infant will be looked after by the child welfare committee until she is put up for adoption, an official said.The girl who gave birth is expected to remain in hospital for up to 10 days.Her case has dominated headlines in India for the past several weeks, with officials saying it is the first-ever case of a child so young giving birth.Indian law does not allow terminations after 20 weeks unless doctors certify that the mother’s life is in danger.But in recent years, the courts have received several petitions, many from child rape survivors, seeking to terminate pregnancies after 20 weeks.
  • In most cases, these pregnancies are discovered late because the children themselves are not aware of their condition.Child welfare activists who interact with the 10-year-old on a regular basis say that is precisely what happened with her – the girl is very innocent and had no idea what had happened to her.Her parents also missed the telltale signs of her pregnancy perhaps because she’s “a healthy, chubby child”.
  • Image copyright
    AFP

    The scale of abuse in India
    A child under 16 is raped every 155 minutes, a child under 10 every 13 hours
    More than 10,000 children were raped in 2015
    240 million women living in India were married before they turned 18
    53.22% of children who participated in a government study reported some form of sexual abuse
    50% of abusers are known to the child or are “persons in trust and care-givers”
    Sources: Indian government, Unicef

The rape victim, who was not allowed to have an abortion by the Supreme Court, delivers a baby girl.
Continue reading “Indian rape victim, 10, gives birth by Caesarean section”

Physicists Try to Revive a Super-Safe, Decades-Old Cancer Treatment

  • Johnson thinks that a proton-based image, even a blurry one, can guide a cancer treatment known as proton therapy better than a conventional X-ray.
  • If you have a proton-based image, you can skip those conversions and design a more precise, more effective treatment plan, Johnson says.Advocates of proton therapy say that it’s the most advanced form of radiation therapy today.
  • “You don’t get any damage beyond the tumor itself,” says Bill Hansen, the director of proton therapy marketing at Varian, a company that makes cancer therapy machines for hospitals.
  • And because protons are more precise, a patient may not have to schedule as many appointments on a proton treatment plan compared to a conventional radiation one.As prices dropped, demand for the therapy rose a bit.
  • But most cancer patients aren’t kids, and the technology still hasn’t really taken off.Johnson and Schulte’s prototype doesn’t fix the cost barrier—it actually makes proton therapy more expensive.

Robert Johnson thinks that a proton-based image, even a blurry one, can guide a cancer treatment known as proton therapy better than a conventional X-ray.
Continue reading “Physicists Try to Revive a Super-Safe, Decades-Old Cancer Treatment”

Theresa May admits UK mental health services are ‘patchy’

  • Theresa May says the UK’s mental health services are “patchy” and has told Newsbeat she’s going to review them.
  • “The National Citizens Service will build in mental health awareness,” the prime minister explained.
  • “I saw some of the first sets of training that we’re doing for teachers and staff in schools so they can better identify when young people have mental health problems and to know what is the right support to give to those young people.”
  • We’ve increased the number of mental health beds for young people and we’re putting record amounts of funding into mental health in the national health service.
  • “That’s why one of the things I’ve been doing is actually looking at the community mental health services for young people and reviewing that across the country because it is patchy.

Exclusive music news, big interviews, entertainment, social media trends and video from the news people at BBC Radio 1 and 1Xtra.
Continue reading “Theresa May admits UK mental health services are ‘patchy’”

A tumor donation yields answers for a devastating form of childhood cancer

A tumor donation yields answers for a devastating form of childhood cancer:

  • During Jennifer’s illness, Libby and her husband, Tony Kranz, heard about the work of Stanford pediatric neurooncologist Michelle Monje, MD, PhD, who studies donated DIPG tumor tissue to understand how its biology might be targeted with new treatments.
  • The Stanford team made the arrangements, and Libby also asked Monje to try to figure out how Jennifer’s tumor had spread so fast.
  • As Jennifer’s did, these tumors tend to spread to a brain region called the lateral ventricle subventricular zone, an area where new nerve cells can grow throughout life.
  • The new research also received funding from several other organizations that support childhood cancer research, including the Childhood Brain Tumor Foundation, the McKenna Claire Foundation and the Lyla Nsouli Foundation.)
  • Previously: Moving toward multi-pronged treatment for the worst childhood brain tumor, A look at scientists’ efforts to conquer a deadly brain tumor and Stanford brain tumor research featured on “Bay Area Proud”

    Photo of Jennifer Kranz courtesy of the Kranz family

In October 2013, on her 6th birthday, Jennifer Kranz was diagnosed with an incurable brain tumor. “That was the day we found out she likely wouldn’t make it
Continue reading “A tumor donation yields answers for a devastating form of childhood cancer”