Dear Cancer, Love Victoria: A Mum’s Diary Of Hope review: Presenting my cancer diary

  • Over the next few months, viewers from around the world followed her video diaries as she underwent chemotherapy and radiotherapy and spoke candidly about everything from her mastectomy scar to wearing a wig.
  • Now Victoria has published a book based on the private diary she wrote during the difficult months between her diagnosis and the last day of her treatment.
  • Victoria’s story begins, as many people’s cancer battles do nowadays, with her anxiously searching her symptoms online.
  • Victoria’s descriptions cut through the shroud of dread which usually surrounds cancer treatment and make each step feel more manageable.
  • Following several weeks of chemotherapy and 30 consecutive days of radiotherapy, the diary ends on the last day of her treatment.

IN August 2015 much-loved BBC journalist and presenter Victoria Derbyshire revealed that she had been diagnosed with breast cancer aged 46. But rather than battling the disease privately, she was determined to be open about her illness.

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The ADHD-Dopamine Link: Why You Crave Sugar and Carbs

  • As you know, one trademark of ADHD is low levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine — a chemical released by nerve cells into the brain.
  • People with ADHD are “chemically wired” to seek more dopamine, says John Ratey, M.D., professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School in Boston.
  • “Eating carbohydrates triggers a rush of dopamine in the brain,” he says.

Mainstream dieting regimens don’t work for us. ADHD brains crave dopamine, which sugar and carbs deliver in spades (or rolls, as the case may be). To get healthy, we first have to get wise — and crafty. Here’s how to lose weight the ADHD way.
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New antibody attacks 99% of HIV strains

  • Image copyright – SPL – – – – Scientists have engineered an antibody that attacks 99% of HIV strains and can prevent infection in primates.
  • Super-antibodiesBut after years of infection, a small number of patients develop powerful weapons called “broadly neutralising antibodies” that attack something fundamental to HIV and can kill large swathes of HIV strains.
  • “The best naturally occurring antibodies will target 90% of HIV strains.
  • “We’re getting 99% coverage, and getting coverage at very low concentrations of the antibody,” said Dr Nabel.Experiments on 24 monkeys showed none of those given the tri-specific antibody developed an infection when they were later injected with the virus.
  • “Dr Anthony Fauci, the director of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said it was an intriguing approach.He added: “Combinations of antibodies that each bind to a distinct site on HIV may best overcome the defences of the virus in the effort to achieve effective antibody-based treatment…

It will enter clinical trials to prevent and treat the infection next year.
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Bowel cancer deaths drop by a third in 20 years

  • Credit: Cancer Research UK 2017
    The rate of people dying from bowel cancer in the UK has plummeted by more than 30 per cent in the last 20 years, according to new figures released today by Cancer Research UK.
  • Professor Matt Seymour, Cancer Research UK’s bowel cancer expert based at the University of Leeds, said: “Early diagnosis is critical for bowel cancer survival.
  • While deaths from the disease continue to decline bowel cancer is still the second most common cause of cancer death in the UK accounting for 10 per cent of all cancer deaths.
  • Dr Julie Sharp, head of health information at Cancer Research UK said: “The increasing number of people surviving bowel cancer today shows how vital research has improved the treatment of the disease over the years.
  • This positive trend is set to continue as new and improved bowel screening is rolled out nationwide, which can detect the early signs of cancer before symptoms develop.

The rate of people dying from bowel cancer in the UK has plummeted by more than 30 per cent in the last 20 years, according to new figures released today by Cancer Research UK.
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How Exercise Could Help You Learn a New Language

How Exercise Could Help You Learn a New Language

  • So for the new study, which was published recently in PLOS One, researchers in China and Italy decided to home in on language learning and the adult brain.
  • Specifically, the students would ride exercise bikes at a gentle pace (about 60 percent of their maximum aerobic capacity) beginning 20 minutes before the start of the lessons and continuing throughout the 15 minutes or so of instruction.
  • When the researchers asked the students to return to the lab for a final round of testing a month after the lessons — without practicing in the meantime — the cyclists remembered words and understood them in sentences more accurately than did the students who had not moved.
  • This study involved college students performing relatively light exercise, though, and cannot tell us whether other people completing other types of exercise would achieve the same results.
  • But many past studies have shown that exercise prompts the release of multiple neurochemicals in the brain that increase the number of new brain cells and the connections between neurons, Dr. Sulpizio says.

Working out during a language class amplifies an adult’s ability to memorize, retain and understand new vocabulary.
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Indian rape victim, 10, gives birth by Caesarean section

  • Image copyright
    AFP

    Image caption

    India has a grim record of sexual assaults on children, with more than 10,000 raped in 2015

    A 10-year-old rape victim who was denied permission for an abortion by the Indian Supreme Court last month has given birth to a baby girl.

  • Both the mother and the newborn are doing fine, an official told the BBC.The girl alleges she was raped several times in the past seven months by her uncle, who has been arrested.Her pregnancy was discovered in mid-July when she complained of stomach ache and her parents took her to hospital.A local court in Chandigarh turned down the abortion plea on the grounds that she was too far into her pregnancy after a doctors’ panel said that termination of the pregnancy would be “too risky”.
  • Later, the Supreme Court also refused to allow an abortion for her on similar grounds.Baby ‘to be put up for adoption’As the baby was born prematurely at 35 weeks, she has been placed in the neo-natal intensive care unit of the hospital where she will remain for the next few days, the BBC’s Geeta Pandey reports from Delhi.The parents of the 10-year-old girl, who said from the beginning that they did not want to have anything to do with the baby, did not even look at the newborn, our correspondent adds.The infant will be looked after by the child welfare committee until she is put up for adoption, an official said.The girl who gave birth is expected to remain in hospital for up to 10 days.Her case has dominated headlines in India for the past several weeks, with officials saying it is the first-ever case of a child so young giving birth.Indian law does not allow terminations after 20 weeks unless doctors certify that the mother’s life is in danger.But in recent years, the courts have received several petitions, many from child rape survivors, seeking to terminate pregnancies after 20 weeks.
  • In most cases, these pregnancies are discovered late because the children themselves are not aware of their condition.Child welfare activists who interact with the 10-year-old on a regular basis say that is precisely what happened with her – the girl is very innocent and had no idea what had happened to her.Her parents also missed the telltale signs of her pregnancy perhaps because she’s “a healthy, chubby child”.
  • Image copyright
    AFP

    The scale of abuse in India
    A child under 16 is raped every 155 minutes, a child under 10 every 13 hours
    More than 10,000 children were raped in 2015
    240 million women living in India were married before they turned 18
    53.22% of children who participated in a government study reported some form of sexual abuse
    50% of abusers are known to the child or are “persons in trust and care-givers”
    Sources: Indian government, Unicef

The rape victim, who was not allowed to have an abortion by the Supreme Court, delivers a baby girl.
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Physicists Try to Revive a Super-Safe, Decades-Old Cancer Treatment

  • Johnson thinks that a proton-based image, even a blurry one, can guide a cancer treatment known as proton therapy better than a conventional X-ray.
  • If you have a proton-based image, you can skip those conversions and design a more precise, more effective treatment plan, Johnson says.Advocates of proton therapy say that it’s the most advanced form of radiation therapy today.
  • “You don’t get any damage beyond the tumor itself,” says Bill Hansen, the director of proton therapy marketing at Varian, a company that makes cancer therapy machines for hospitals.
  • And because protons are more precise, a patient may not have to schedule as many appointments on a proton treatment plan compared to a conventional radiation one.As prices dropped, demand for the therapy rose a bit.
  • But most cancer patients aren’t kids, and the technology still hasn’t really taken off.Johnson and Schulte’s prototype doesn’t fix the cost barrier—it actually makes proton therapy more expensive.

Robert Johnson thinks that a proton-based image, even a blurry one, can guide a cancer treatment known as proton therapy better than a conventional X-ray.
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