Indian rape victim, 10, gives birth by Caesarean section

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    India has a grim record of sexual assaults on children, with more than 10,000 raped in 2015

    A 10-year-old rape victim who was denied permission for an abortion by the Indian Supreme Court last month has given birth to a baby girl.

  • Both the mother and the newborn are doing fine, an official told the BBC.The girl alleges she was raped several times in the past seven months by her uncle, who has been arrested.Her pregnancy was discovered in mid-July when she complained of stomach ache and her parents took her to hospital.A local court in Chandigarh turned down the abortion plea on the grounds that she was too far into her pregnancy after a doctors’ panel said that termination of the pregnancy would be “too risky”.
  • Later, the Supreme Court also refused to allow an abortion for her on similar grounds.Baby ‘to be put up for adoption’As the baby was born prematurely at 35 weeks, she has been placed in the neo-natal intensive care unit of the hospital where she will remain for the next few days, the BBC’s Geeta Pandey reports from Delhi.The parents of the 10-year-old girl, who said from the beginning that they did not want to have anything to do with the baby, did not even look at the newborn, our correspondent adds.The infant will be looked after by the child welfare committee until she is put up for adoption, an official said.The girl who gave birth is expected to remain in hospital for up to 10 days.Her case has dominated headlines in India for the past several weeks, with officials saying it is the first-ever case of a child so young giving birth.Indian law does not allow terminations after 20 weeks unless doctors certify that the mother’s life is in danger.But in recent years, the courts have received several petitions, many from child rape survivors, seeking to terminate pregnancies after 20 weeks.
  • In most cases, these pregnancies are discovered late because the children themselves are not aware of their condition.Child welfare activists who interact with the 10-year-old on a regular basis say that is precisely what happened with her – the girl is very innocent and had no idea what had happened to her.Her parents also missed the telltale signs of her pregnancy perhaps because she’s “a healthy, chubby child”.
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    The scale of abuse in India
    A child under 16 is raped every 155 minutes, a child under 10 every 13 hours
    More than 10,000 children were raped in 2015
    240 million women living in India were married before they turned 18
    53.22% of children who participated in a government study reported some form of sexual abuse
    50% of abusers are known to the child or are “persons in trust and care-givers”
    Sources: Indian government, Unicef

The rape victim, who was not allowed to have an abortion by the Supreme Court, delivers a baby girl.
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Mom donates womb to daughter in India’s first uterus transplant

  • According to Dr. Mats Brännström, a professor of obstetrics and gynaecology at Sweden’s University of Gothenburg, only six babies have ever been delivered from a uterus transplant — two from the same mother.
  • Successful uterus transplants are rare because of the complexity of the procedure involved: this was the first attempt at the pioneering surgery in India and only the 30th attempt in the world.
  • Uterus transplants could be a way for women with absolute uterine infertility to conceive, rather than having to adopt or opt for surrogacy.
  • The process of a uterus transplant begins with IVF, where the eggs are removed from the patient, fertilized with sperm and then the resulting embryos are frozen.
  • The embryos are implanted in the uterus usually about a year after the transplant takes place to ensure the body doesn’t reject the new uterus.

In the first surgery of it’s kind in India, a mother has donated her uterus so that her 21-year-old daughter, who was born without one, can experience childbirth.
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Pregnancy induces structural changes in women’s brains, study suggests – Women in the World in Association with The New York Times – WITW

Pregnancy induces structural changes in women’s brains, study suggests:

  • Rather than dampening social cognition, this loss in gray matter might enhance social networks within a woman’s brain.
  • Follow-up imaging sessions indicated that the aforementioned changes in women’s brains can last for nearly two years.
  • The results of the study indicated that pregnancy might induce structural changes in a woman’s brain.
  • Researchers now hope to pursue several new lines of inquiry, including whether changes in the brain can predict postpartum depression, and how the brain might change after multiple pregnancies.
  • A new study from the Autonomous University in Barcelona suggests that pregnancy can lead to physical changes in women’s brains that last for as long as two years.

A new study from the Autonomous University in Barcelona suggests that pregnancy can lead to physical changes in women’s brains that last for as long as two years.
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Operation Health: Surgery’s Emerging Role in Global Health

At least 2 billion people globally do not have access to safe surgery  #globalhealth

  • Protecting Health, Saving Lives- Millions at a Time
  • Adam Kushner, MD, MPH ’99 Founder and Director, Surgeons OverSeas (SOS) Associate, International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Lecturer, Surgery, Columbia University Adjunct Professor, Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
  • The 2016 Johns Hopkins-Pulitzer Center Symposium will explore surgery’s place on the global health agenda with surgeons who have provided surgical care in affected countries and trained local providers, and a Pulitzer Center journalist who has done in-depth reporting on the issue.
  • Your contribution can be used so many places, so many ways.
  • Recent years have seen an increasing recognition of the dire unmet surgical need-estimated at 143 million operations-and a growing evidence base documenting the staggering shortage of surgical resources on a global scale.

A mother dies giving birth. A child loses a leg because a gunshot wound will not heal. A man with a burst appendix walks miles to a hospital.
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